Installer NextCloud

NextCloud est une plateforme de stockage et partage de données .

Préparez une jail, nommée next. C'est une application php, suivez la documentation à ce sujet. Elle repose sur une base de données mysql/mariadb.

Installez votre environnement php:

# pkg -j nextcloud install www/nextcloud databases/pecl-memcache 

vous pouvez aussi ajouter graphics/pecl-imagick pour éviter un avertissement sur la génération du favicon, mais il embarque beaucoup de dépendances.
Construisez avec vos poudrieres la version nox11:

DEFAULT_VERSIONS+= imagemagick=6-nox11

Créer un utilisateur dédié à nextcloud, dédié à la base que l'on va créer:

CREATE USER 'nextcloud'@'192.168.0.x' IDENTIFIED BY 'motdepasse';
GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON nextcloud.* TO 'nextcloud'@'192.168.0.x';
Notez que vous devez associer votre utilisateur à l'adresse de la jail nextcloud.

Autoriser l'utilisateur www à configurer le programme:

chown  www /usr/local/www/nextcloud/config
chown  www /usr/local/www/nextcloud/config/config.php

Après avoir configuré votre nom de domaine et installé des clefs https, configurez le serveur web comme suit:

upstream php-handler {
    server unix:/jails/next/var/run/php-fpm.sock;
# Set the `immutable` cache control options only for assets with a cache busting `v` argument
map $arg_v $asset_immutable {
    "" "";
    default "immutable";
server {
    listen 80;
    listen [::]:80;
    server_name cloud.chezmoi.eu;
    # Prevent nginx HTTP Server Detection
    server_tokens off;
    # Enforce HTTPS
    return 301 https://$server_name$request_uri;
server {
    listen 443      ssl http2;
    listen [::]:443 ssl http2;
    server_name cloud.chezmoi.eu;
    # Path to the root of your installation
    set $jail_path "/jails/next";
    set $www_next  "/usr/local/www/nextcloud";
    root $jail_path$www_next;
    # Use Mozilla's guidelines for SSL/TLS settings
    # https://mozilla.github.io/server-side-tls/ssl-config-generator/
    ssl_certificate     /etc/ssl/nginx/cloud.example.com.crt;
    ssl_certificate_key /etc/ssl/nginx/cloud.example.com.key;
    # Prevent nginx HTTP Server Detection
    server_tokens off;
    # HSTS settings
    # WARNING: Only add the preload option once you read about
    # the consequences in https://hstspreload.org/. This option
    # will add the domain to a hardcoded list that is shipped
    # in all major browsers and getting removed from this list
    # could take several months.
    #add_header Strict-Transport-Security "max-age=15768000; includeSubDomains; preload" always;
    # set max upload size and increase upload timeout:
    client_max_body_size 512M;
    client_body_timeout 300s;
    fastcgi_buffers 64 4K;
    # Enable gzip but do not remove ETag headers
    gzip on;
    gzip_vary on;
    gzip_comp_level 4;
    gzip_min_length 256;
    gzip_proxied expired no-cache no-store private no_last_modified no_etag auth;
    gzip_types application/atom+xml text/javascript application/javascript application/json application/ld+json application/manifest+json application/rss+xml application/vnd.geo+json application/vnd.ms-fontobject application/wasm application/x-font-ttf application/x-web-app-manifest+json application/xhtml+xml application/xml font/opentype image/bmp image/svg+xml image/x-icon text/cache-manifest text/css text/plain text/vcard text/vnd.rim.location.xloc text/vtt text/x-component text/x-cross-domain-policy;
    # Pagespeed is not supported by Nextcloud, so if your server is built
    # with the `ngx_pagespeed` module, uncomment this line to disable it.
    #pagespeed off;
    # The settings allows you to optimize the HTTP2 bandwitdth.
    # See https://blog.cloudflare.com/delivering-http-2-upload-speed-improvements/
    # for tunning hints
    client_body_buffer_size 512k;
    # HTTP response headers borrowed from Nextcloud `.htaccess`
    add_header Referrer-Policy                   "no-referrer"       always;
    add_header X-Content-Type-Options            "nosniff"           always;
    add_header X-Download-Options                "noopen"            always;
    add_header X-Frame-Options                   "SAMEORIGIN"        always;
    add_header X-Permitted-Cross-Domain-Policies "none"              always;
    add_header X-Robots-Tag                      "noindex, nofollow" always;
    add_header X-XSS-Protection                  "1; mode=block"     always;
    add_header Strict-Transport-Security "max-age=31536000";
    # Remove X-Powered-By, which is an information leak
    fastcgi_hide_header X-Powered-By;
    # Add .mjs as a file extension for javascript
    # Either include it in the default mime.types list
    # or include you can include that list explicitly and add the file extension
    # only for Nextcloud like below:
    # include mime.types;
    types {
        text/javascript js mjs;
    # Specify how to handle directories -- specifying `/index.php$request_uri`
    # here as the fallback means that Nginx always exhibits the desired behaviour
    # when a client requests a path that corresponds to a directory that exists
    # on the server. In particular, if that directory contains an index.php file,
    # that file is correctly served; if it doesn't, then the request is passed to
    # the front-end controller. This consistent behaviour means that we don't need
    # to specify custom rules for certain paths (e.g. images and other assets,
    # `/updater`, `/ocm-provider`, `/ocs-provider`), and thus
    # `try_files $uri $uri/ /index.php$request_uri`
    # always provides the desired behaviour.
    index index.php index.html /index.php$request_uri;
    # Rule borrowed from `.htaccess` to handle Microsoft DAV clients
    location = / {
        if ( $http_user_agent ~ ^DavClnt ) {
            return 302 /remote.php/webdav/$is_args$args;
    location = /robots.txt {
        allow all;
        log_not_found off;
        access_log off;
    # Make a regex exception for `/.well-known` so that clients can still
    # access it despite the existence of the regex rule
    # `location ~ /(\.|autotest|...)` which would otherwise handle requests
    # for `/.well-known`.
    location ^~ /.well-known {
        # The rules in this block are an adaptation of the rules
        # in `.htaccess` that concern `/.well-known`.
        location = /.well-known/carddav { return 301 /remote.php/dav/; }
        location = /.well-known/caldav  { return 301 /remote.php/dav/; }
        location /.well-known/acme-challenge    { try_files $uri $uri/ =404; }
        location /.well-known/pki-validation    { try_files $uri $uri/ =404; }
        # Let Nextcloud's API for `/.well-known` URIs handle all other
        # requests by passing them to the front-end controller.
        return 301 /index.php$request_uri;
    # Rules borrowed from `.htaccess` to hide certain paths from clients
    location ~ ^/(?:build|tests|config|lib|3rdparty|templates|data)(?:$|/)  { return 404; }
    location ~ ^/(?:\.|autotest|occ|issue|indie|db_|console)                { return 404; }
    # Ensure this block, which passes PHP files to the PHP process, is above the blocks
    # which handle static assets (as seen below). If this block is not declared first,
    # then Nginx will encounter an infinite rewriting loop when it prepends `/index.php`
    # to the URI, resulting in a HTTP 500 error response.
    location ~ \.php(?:$|/) {
        # Required for legacy support
        rewrite ^/(?!index|remote|public|cron|core\/ajax\/update|status|ocs\/v[12]|updater\/.+|oc[ms]-provider\/.+|.+\/richdocumentscode\/proxy) /index.php$request_uri;
        fastcgi_split_path_info ^(.+?\.php)(/.*)$;
        set $path_info $fastcgi_path_info;
        try_files $fastcgi_script_name =404;
        include fastcgi_params;
#        fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
        fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $www_next/$fastcgi_script_name;
        fastcgi_param PATH_INFO $path_info;
        fastcgi_param HTTPS on;
        fastcgi_param modHeadersAvailable true;         # Avoid sending the security headers twice
        fastcgi_param front_controller_active true;     # Enable pretty urls
        fastcgi_pass php-handler;
        fastcgi_intercept_errors on;
        fastcgi_request_buffering off;
        fastcgi_max_temp_file_size 0;
    # Serve static files
    location ~ \.(?:css|js|mjs|svg|gif|png|jpg|ico|wasm|tflite|map)$ {
        try_files $uri /index.php$request_uri;
        add_header Cache-Control "public, max-age=15778463, $asset_immutable";
        access_log off;     # Optional: Don't log access to assets
        location ~ \.wasm$ {
            default_type application/wasm;
    location ~ \.woff2?$ {
        try_files $uri /index.php$request_uri;
        expires 7d;         # Cache-Control policy borrowed from `.htaccess`
        access_log off;     # Optional: Don't log access to assets
    # Rule borrowed from `.htaccess`
    location /remote {
        return 301 /remote.php$request_uri;
    location / {
        try_files $uri $uri/ /index.php$request_uri;

Réglez l'adresse du serveur cloud.chezmoi.eu ainsi que l'adresse de la socket php dans la jail.

Configurez php-fpm comme suit:

--- php-fpm.d/www.conf.default	2023-05-14 02:00:42.000000000 +0000
+++ php-fpm.d/www.conf	2023-05-19 21:16:00.661837000 +0000
@@ -42,7 +42,8 @@
 ;                                  FreeBSD for security reasons;
 ;   '/path/to/unix/socket' - to listen on a unix socket.
 ; Note: This value is mandatory.
-listen =
+;listen =
+listen = /var/run/php-fpm.sock
 ; Set listen(2) backlog.
 ; Default Value: 511 (-1 on FreeBSD and OpenBSD)
@@ -54,9 +55,9 @@
 ; and group can be specified either by name or by their numeric IDs.
 ; Default Values: Owner is set to the master process running user. If the group
 ;                 is not set, the owner's group is used. Mode is set to 0660.
-;listen.owner = www
-;listen.group = www
-;listen.mode = 0660
+listen.owner = www
+listen.group = www
+listen.mode = 0660
 ; When POSIX Access Control Lists are supported you can set them using
 ; these options, value is a comma separated list of user/group names.
@@ -441,11 +442,11 @@
 ; Pass environment variables like LD_LIBRARY_PATH. All $VARIABLEs are taken from
 ; the current environment.
 ; Default Value: clean env
-;env[PATH] = /usr/local/bin:/usr/bin:/bin
-;env[TMP] = /tmp
-;env[TMPDIR] = /tmp
-;env[TEMP] = /tmp
+env[PATH] = /usr/local/bin:/usr/bin:/bin
+env[TMP] = /tmp
+env[TMPDIR] = /tmp
+env[TEMP] = /tmp
 ; Additional php.ini defines, specific to this pool of workers. These settings
 ; overwrite the values previously defined in the php.ini. The directives are the
write the values previously defined in the php.ini. The directives are the

Pour php:

--- php.ini	2023-05-19 22:23:25.697031000 +0000
+++ php.ini-production	2023-05-19 21:21:42.199584000 +0000
@@ -430,7 +432,7 @@
 ; Maximum amount of memory a script may consume
 ; https://php.net/memory-limit
-memory_limit = 128M
+memory_limit = 1G
 ; Error handling and logging ;
@@ -950,6 +950,7 @@
 ; The MIBS data available in the PHP distribution must be installed.
 ; See https://www.php.net/manual/en/snmp.installation.php
@@ -1774,16 +1773,16 @@
 ; Determines if Zend OPCache is enabled
 ; Determines if Zend OPCache is enabled for the CLI version of PHP
 ; The OPcache shared memory storage size.
 ; The amount of memory for interned strings in Mbytes.
 ; The maximum number of keys (scripts) in the OPcache hash table.
 ; Only numbers between 200 and 1000000 are allowed.

Créez une entrée pour cron(8):

crontab -u www -e
crontab -u www -l
*/5  *  *  *  * /usr/local/bin/php --define apc.enable_cli=1 -f /usr/local/www/nextcloud/cron.php 

La variable MAILTO va vous permettre de recevoir des messages en cas de problème. Par contre, dans ce cas, vous allez recevoir toutes les cinq minutes. ;-) Si vous voulez éviter ça, choisissez MAILTO=“”.

C'est la dernière étape, il suffit de se connecter à l'adresse réglée sur nginx et de configurer la base de donnée en suivant le guide. Ajoutez dans la configuration

'default_phone_region' => 'FR',

Préparez newsyslog pour qu'il gère les fichiers journaux:

/var/log/nextcloud/nextcloud.log	www:www     640  7     *    @T00  JC
/usr/local/www/nextcloud/data/nextcloud.log		www:www     640  7     *    @T00  JC

Suivez la documentation sur le sujet.

  • ports/web/nextcloud.txt
  • Dernière modification : 2024/01/16 22:09
  • de zorro